Waste Management Facilities
The Clive disposal facility is located in the West Desert of Utah approximately 75 miles west of Salt Lake City. Established more than 20 years ago Clive plays a vital role in the nuclear industry as a disposal facility for Class A Waste. The types of material that are disposed of at Clive include the following:
- Dirt and debris from clean up sites
- Dlothing worn by nuclear power plant workers
- Large components such as steam generators from nuclear power plants.
- Resin from nuclear power plants
- Contaminated material from nuclear power plants, research facilities and Department of Energy (DOE) cleanup sites
- Radioactively contaminated medical waste
Material shipped to Clive arrives by truck and train with the majority of the waste arriving by rail. The material is safely disposed of in engineered embankments, or cell, that are constructed an estimated 12 feet below grade and are built up to 38 feet above grade.
Our employees take great pride in safety and have accomplished more than 3 million man hours without a lost time accident. Safety is a culture for our employees protecting and preserving the environment by safely disposing of this material. Once the material is safely disposed of a robust monitoring system ensures the integrity of the cell is maintained. Water and air monitoring stations are located throughout the site to ensure the environment is not compromised.
The EnergySolutions Bear Creek Processing Facility is located near Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The facility’s primary function is the safe processing and packaging of radioactive material for permanent disposal. Volume reduction and repacking of the material is the primary goal of the facility. The facility houses radioactive materials processing capabilities including bulk waste assay, decontamination, recycle, compaction, incineration, metal melting, and a variety of specialty waste stream management options. The facility operates under regulatory authority of the state of Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) Division of Radiological Health (DRH) in agreement with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and is ANI insured.
The following processes are utilized to ensure the material is safely processed and packaged for transportation and disposal.
- Sort and Segregation – This process allows our employees to determine the next steps in volume reduction segregating certain metals for recycling and the rest to be compacted, incinerated or repackaged for transportation and disposal.
- Compaction – material is compacted reducing volume up to as much as 200 to 1.this should be more like 20 to 1, incineration would be 200 to 1
- Incineration – the very latest in technology to incinerate the material ensures greater volume reduction and below standard emissions permitted by the state of Tennessee. Incineration also reduces volume up to as much as 200 to 1.
- Metal Melt (recycling) – Several times a year the smelter facility is in operation to melt and recycle metals. The molten metal is then poured into molds forming shield blocks which are then utilized in the nuclear industry.
- The facility also has the capabilities for GIC non-detect, which allows for segregation of potentially radiologically contaminated metals found to be clean and release to a recycler for salvage value. Safe Check allows segregation of material that cannot be recycled, but is suitable for disposal in a State of Tennessee (TN) Subtitle-D landfill versus disposal at our licensed Class A disposal facility in Clive located in Utah’s West Desert.
The Bear Creek Facility, like all EnergySolutions facilities, operates in a safety culture that our employees take very seriously. Monthly safety meetings and training are conducted to ensure the highest standards of safety are utilized. Safety standards at the facility have been recognized by the state of Tennessee and the facility is VPP (Voluntary Protection Program) certified.
EnergySolutions Barnwell Operations have two facilities for processing and disposal. Located in Barnwell, South Carolina, the operations service the Atlantic Compact and Nuclear Industry to meet their nuclear materials management needs.
The Barnwell Disposal Facility is owned by the state of South Carolina and operated by EnergySolutions. The facility is the host disposal site for the Atlantic Compact which is comprised of South Carolina, New Jersey, and Connecticut.
The Facility began operations in 1971 and has provided continuous disposal operations for over 45 years. The site is licensed to dispose of Class A, B and C low-level wastes from the three Atlantic Compact states. Additional low-level waste streams the facility disposes of includes irradiated hardware and large components, steam generators, reactor pressure vessels, etc.
High Activity Filter Processing Successes
The Barnwell Processing Facility (BPF) processes High Activity Filters from the nuclear industry. Recent additions of robotics allow the facility to remotely handle and process any filter, whether plastic or metal. The facility is able to perform sophisticated remote sorting, segregation, size reduction, and grout encapsulation. These capabilities extend to waste forms such as soil, sludge, and legacy “problem” liners as well as to filters.
In addition to filter processing, BPF performs resin dewatering, waste solidification, and evaporation processes. BPF also completes a variety of special projects for Savannah River Site contractors and EnergySolutions projects.
As with all EnergySolutions facilities, safety is a culture embraced by every Barnwell Facility employee and the safety and compliance record is one of the best in the business.
EnergySolutions owns and operates the Erwin Resin Solutions Facility located in Erwin, Tennessee. This facility utilized an innovative solution for spent ion-exchange resins from U.S. commercial nuclear power plants.
The patented THOR (Thermal Organic Reductions) process safely dewaters, chemically reforms, homogenizes and reduces the volume of spent ion-exchange resins into a solid-phase, stable waste form.
Once the THOR process has been applied, the residual solid material is packaged and prepped for transportation to the EnergySolutions Clive Disposal Facility located in Utah West Desert.